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Addiction Medications

How Addiction Treatment Has Improved Due To Medication


During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. Medicine can make it painless for recovering addicts to keep in sobriety. The withdrawal symptoms are often the reason for the addict to relapse, so medication is given to ease the pain of withdrawal. Prescribed medication can be given to the patient as part of both inpatient and outpatient programs. For the best chance of becoming sober and staying sober the medication dose may be altered.


Relief of withdrawal can be found in other drugs that mimic the effects of the drug they are addicted to.


Detox And Drug Withdrawal

During the first steps of recovery, the system must remove the drugs from itself. This process is referred to as detoxification. Depending on the drug the detox stage can last as long as several days to several weeks.

The real challenge for the patient is coping with the terrible withdrawal symptoms. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. Long-time drug users who took massive doses experience the most severe withdrawal symptoms.


There is a myriad of those symptoms that recovering addicts experience. Some of these are:

  • Stress
  • Feeling depressed
  • Sickness
  • Uncontrollable shaking
  • Aches in the muscles
  • Sweating

To deal with these withdrawal side effects, many medicines are available for this. Some of the drugs prescribed are as follows:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • They are suitable for treating stress and short temper.
  • Anxiety is a prevalent withdrawal side effect from a lot of Opiates, such as Cocaine and Heroin.
  • Alcohol withdrawal symptoms can also be eased by the sedative effect of Benzodiazepines.
  • Due to the addictive nature of Benzodiazepines, doctors tend to be cautious when prescribing them.
  • Antidepressants
  • These medicines help the user to feel good and create natural happiness in their brain.
  • Since they have depended on drugs to keep them satisfied for a long-term, people in detoxification frequently pass through depression.
  • Until the brain is capable to generate joy - inducing chemicals by itself again, antidepressants, such as Zoloft and Prozac, can assist when it comes to alleviating these sensations.
  • Clonidine
  • For relief of sweating, aching muscles, cramps and paranoia in alcohol and opiate withdrawal Clonidine is used.
  • Clonidine save you from seizures and shivering.

People who are detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines for instance Valium or Xanax must never leave "cold turkey" in middle as their withdrawal sign can be fatal. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. To ensure that detoxification is safe and successful, medical supervision is vital.

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Medicines For Treating Alcohol Addiction

Withdrawal symptoms of alcohol addiction can last from several weeks to a few months depending on the frequency and duration over which alcohol is abused. These symptoms that last a long time are also known as Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS).

Medications prescribed for PAWS are also active in stopping the urge to use and make the user unable to hold alcohol in their stomach. The medication is usually taken as a single pill once a day.


Medicines for alcohol addiction are:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol) stops the brain from producing pleasure chemicals in reaction to alcohol intake.
  • The craving for alcohol is also reduced by the drug.
  • Nausea or headaches can be caused by Naltrexone.
  • Naltrexone is given in the form of a injection.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • The psychological and bodily stress emanating from alcohol abuse is relieved by taking Acamprosate (Campral).
  • This medication is usually taken by recovering alcoholics after the detoxification period is over.
  • This medication reduces the urge to drink as it prevents negativity including depression and paranoia.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Disulfiram was the primary medicine authorized for alcoholism.
  • Side effects like vomiting are likely to occur if a person taking Disulfiram takes alcohol.
  • Recovering users do not want to take alcohol when they are on disulfiram because they feel sick if they do.

Get more information about medical help for alcohol addiction.


Treatment Medicine For Heroin And Opiate Addiction

Heroin, Morphine and sedative painkillers such as Oxycontin are included in Opiates. Medications recommended for treating Opiate and Heroin addiction help in reducing the urge to take the drug and accompanying withdrawal symptoms. Opiate and Heroin are available in tablet forms.

Everyone has a different withdrawal experience and for some it may only last as little as a week. Other drugs can have an extended withdrawal side effects. In some circumstances, the withdrawal side effects may last for months or years. PAWS and desires can be controlled by long-term replacement medicines. A recovering addict should take these medicines until they are completely free.

Opiate addiction is usually treated using medications such as:

  • Methadone
  • Prescriptions of Methadone are usually given to people suffering from moderate or severe addictions.
  • Methadone links to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers but without the high.
  • This assists curb strong desires and withdrawal side effects.
  • People become addict of Methadone in place of Heroin and painkillers if it is not use carefully.
  • Treatment facilities offering Methadone give it to their patients daily so that they are not able to over indulge and become addicted.
  • You can find out more about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine works in a similar way to Methadone but does not need to be as closely regulated due to the possibility of addiction is far less.
  • Those on Buprenorphine are allowed to take their prescription home instead of visiting the treatment centre daily.
  • Naltrexone
  • The effect of Naltrexone on opiate addiction is the same as its effect on alcohol addiction.
  • It puts an end to cravings.
  • Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.

Medical Detox And Rehabilitation

Drug addicts when they want to stop addiction sometimes will choose to detox without medical supervision. This isn't just more difficult, it is also more risky than a medical detoxing. A safe and comfortable location such as a rehab centre is the best way to gain sobriety. Medical detox is compulsory for those who are addicts of liquor or benzos.

Treatment for any substance addiction should start with medically supervised detoxification.

A monitored detoxification may relieve health problems. The patient's vital signs and fluid levels can be monitored by a doctor. The doctors keep the patient comfortable. In addition, they adapt any medicine dosages depending on the patient's requirements and durable programs for medication.

Other health problems can make detox more complex, therefore, medical detox should be sought. Withdrawals can make situations difficult such as high blood pressure. Any type of issue is solved by the doctor.

Inpatient rehabs include Detox, most often. In some circumstances, inpatient rehabilitation takes from 30 to 90 days. The initial week comprised of closely observed detox. Rehab includes behavioural therapy to give the patient a better chance to understand how they can stay sober.

Find a rehab centre with proper medical detox for love ones call 0800 246 1509.