Explaining Drug Addiction
Substance dependency is a chronic illness that is identified by uncontrollable substance seeking and use, regardless of the harmful effects and alterations in the brain that can be permanent. The harmful habits of people suffering from drug addiction come as a result of these changes inside the brain. Addiction to drugs is a disease that can throw people into relapse too. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
The way to drug dependence starts with the wilful act of using drugs. However, over time, it becomes increasingly difficult for the person not to do so. Looking for and using the substance becomes uncontrollable. This is generally because of the impacts of long haul drug exposure on brain work. Dependence influences parts of the mind required in reward and inspiration, learning and memory plus control over conduct.
Dependency is an illness that affects behaviour and the brain.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
Yes, yet it's not simple. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. For most patients, long term often repeated care is needed to help them stop using and continue on to get their lives back.
The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include:
- Stop taking drugs
- Remaining clean
- Resuming their responsibilities at home, workplace and community
Essentials Of Successful Treatment
In light of logical research since the mid-1970s, the accompanying key standards ought to frame the premise of any compelling treatment program:
- Dependence is a complex yet treatable sickness that influences brain capacity and behaviour.
- There is no one treatment that will work for everyone.
- Treatment needs to be readily available.
- The entire needs of the patient, not only drug use issues, should be delivered by a good treatment plan.
- It is crucial to remain in treatment for a long enough amount of time.
- The most frequently used forms of treatment are counselling and other behavioural therapies.
- Medications are regularly an imperative component of treatment, particularly when consolidated with behavioural therapies.
- As the patient's needs change, the treatment plan must be adapted to fit the requirements.
- Some other associated mental problems must be taken care of by treatments.
- Medically assisted detoxification is just the very first step of the treatment.
- Involuntary treatment for addiction can also be effective.
- Medical personnel must supervise any medications taken during the rehab period.
- A treatment programme must test a patient for hepatitis B and C, TB, HIV/AIDS and other infectious illnesses and educate the patient about things he/she can do to reduce his/her risk of these diseases.
How Drug Dependency Is Treated?
Effective treatment comprises many steps:
- detoxification (the procedure by which the body frees itself of a medication)
- behavioural counselling
- Medicine (for opioid, tobacco, or liquor enslavement)
- assessment and treatment for any co-occurring mental health concerns like anxiety and depression
- Avoiding relapse by providing long term follow up care
Using a wide range of treatments tailored to the needs of the patient is a key to success.
Treatment should compromise mental and medical health services as required. The follow-up can compromise family- or community-based recovery support systems.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated With Medication?
Managing withdrawal symptoms, preventing relapse, and treating coexisting conditions are accomplished through medication use.
- Withdrawal During a detox, medication can assist in suppressing withdrawal symptoms. Detoxification is just the very first step in the process and not "treatment" in itself. Those who stop at detox will most likely relapse into drug abuse again. According to one study of treatment centres, medications were utilised in close to 80 per cent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
- Relapse Prevention The cravings for drugs can be lowered and normal brain functions restored in the patients with the help of medications. Medication is available for the treatment of tobacco (nicotine), alcohol and opioid (prescription pain relievers and heroin) dependency. Medications that could be used in treating cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) addiction are being developed by scientists at present. A person who uses more than one substance, which is really typical, require treatment for every substance he/she uses.
How Drug Addiction Is Treated Using Behavioural Therapies
Psychotherapy assists addicts to:
- Change their conducts and practices linked with drug usage
- Adopt healthier psychosocial competency
- Keep going with other forms of treatment, like medication and support groups
There are a lot of settings and approaches for patients who are seeking treatment.
Outpatient treatment is an option where a wide range of programs are available for patients who continue to visit behavioural health professionals regularly. There are therapy sessions that a patient is alone with the counsellor and others that utilise group therapy, sometimes a patient may attend both types.
These programmes usually provide types of behavioural therapy like:
- Cognitive behavioural therapy, which teaches patients how to recognize, avoid, and deal with any situation that will make them more likely to use drugs
- multidimensional family therapy - designed for teenagers suffering drug addiction and their relatives - which considers several factors that contribute to their drug addiction, with the intention of affecting the functioning of the family in a positive manner
- Motivational interviewing, which takes full advantage of the patient's readiness to change and willingness to enter treatment
- motivational incentives (contingency management), where abstinence from drugs is rewarded and motivated with positive reinforcements
sometimes, intensive treatments that involve several outpatient sessions every week is given at first. regular outpatient treatment that involves fewer meeting hours few days of the week after the intensive treatment in the bid to ensure a sustained healing process.
Residential/inpatient treatment can also be extremely successful, particularly for patients with more serious issues (including co-occurring conditions). The around the clock care available at residential rehabilitation centres includes safe boarding facilities and close monitoring of patients. Several approaches to therapies that are mainly designed to assist the patients to achieve a life that is free of drugs and crime after treatment are applied by residential treatment facilities.
The following are some examples of residential treatment settings are:
- Therapeutic communities where patients are domiciled in a residence mostly for 6 to 12 months, undergoing programs that are streamlined. The whole community, everyone from the staff to the patients in recovery, act as agents of change, helping to change every patient's attitude, understanding, and behaviour toward drug use.
- Shorter-term residential treatment, which ordinarily concentrates on detoxification and also giving early extensive counselling and readiness for treatment in a community based setting.
- Recuperation lodging gives regulated, brief-span housing for patients, regularly taking after different sorts of inpatient or residential management. Recovery housing can assist a person to complete the changeover to an independent life-for example, assisting him/her learn how to tackle finances or look for a job, as well as linking them to the community's support services.
Challenges Of Re-Entry
Habitual intake of drugs alters the normal functions of the brain, and various things can cause one to have a burning desire to take the drugs. It is key for patients in treatment, particularly those treated at prison or inpatient facilities, to learn how to identify, steer clear of, and deal with triggers that they are most likely to experience after treatment.